Australian Almond Variety – Mira
Mira is an upright spur bearing tree that is suited to planting in traditional orchard densities. The hull flares away from the shell in a ‘banana’ fashion and the semi-hard shell reduces kernel quality downgrades and late season bird damage.
- Self-fertile variety
- Spur bearing
- Late pollinator for Nonpariel
- High cropping capacity
|Growth habit||Slightly open|
|Nut location||Mainly one year old wood|
|Flowering time||Medium, full bloom 3 days later than Nonpareil|
|S compatibility genotype||S7Sf|
|Pollination||Self-fertile variety. Cross pollination unnecessary. Good level of autogamy|
|Compatible Pollinators||Nonpareil, Carmel, Padre, Butte, Wood Colony, Capella, Maxima|
|Length of flowering||Medium, approx. 3 weeks|
|Cropping regularity||Good. Little to no alternate bearing|
|Bacterial spot tolerance||Good|
|Husking ease||Good. Hull is easily separated from shell|
|Kernel size||Medium (1.27 g)|
|Shell texture||Semihard shell|
|Double kernels||No doubles|
|Kernel appearance||Attractive, skin colour light|
|Kernel composition||Oil 61.3%; oleic acid 59.3%; Vitamin E 59.3 mg/100g oil|
Mira has an upright to slightly spreading growth habit and has consistently out yielded the current industry benchmark, Nonpareil by 17% (eight years of yield assessments). It has superior fruit characteristics with a semi-hard shell, fully sealed shell and sweet tasting, lightly coloured kernel. The kernel is less likely to be damaged by insects and moisture due to the fully sealed shell, enabling a higher quality kernel. The semi-hard shell is less likely to result in bird damage during the growing season. It can be used as an late pollinator for Nonpareil, replacing Carmel or Wood Colony. Mira crops mostly on spurs and the in-shell and kernel appear very similar to Carina The hull detaches easily from the shell at harvest, a characteristic that may lend itself to in-field de-hulling in the future. Mira is self-fertile and can pollinate itself in single variety orchards.
Acknowledgements: Dr. Michelle Wirthensohn, University of Adelaide
The input and suggestions made by Australian almond processors, marketers and growers.
Copyright © All material published in this Fact Sheet is copyright protected and may not be reproduced in any form without written permission.
Any recommendations, suggestions or opinions contained in this publication do not necessarily represent the policy or views of the Almond Board of Australia. No person should act on the basis of the contents of this publication without first obtaining specific, independent, professional advice.
The Almond Board of Australia and contributors to this Fact Sheet may identify products by proprietary or trade names to help readers identify particular types of products. We do not endorse or recommend the products of any manufacturer referred to. Other products may perform as well as or better than those specifically referred to. The ABA will not be liable for any loss, damage, cost or expense incurred or arising by reason of any person using or relying on the information in this publication.
This project has been funded by Horticulture Innovation Australia Limited using the almond research and development levy and funds from the Australian Government.