Australian Almond Variety – Carina
Carina is high spur bearing with a compact to medium canopy that may suit higher orchard densities. The hull flares away from the shell in a ‘banana’ fashion and the semi-hard shell reduces kernel quality downgrades and late season bird damage.
- Self-fertile variety
- Spur bearing
- Early harvest
- Early pollinator for Nonpareil
|Branching density||Medium high|
|Nut location||Spurs and one year old wood|
|Flowering time||Early mid, full bloom 4 days earlier than Nonpariel|
|S compatibility genotype||S7Sf|
|Pollination||Self-fertile variety. Cross pollination unnecessary. Good level of autogamy|
|Compatible Pollinators||Nonpareil, Monterey, Peerless, Price, Rhea|
|Length of flowering||Long, approx. 4 weeks|
|Cropping regularity||Good. Little to no alternate bearing|
|Bacterial spot tolerance||Very good|
|Husking ease||Good. Hull is easily separated from shell|
|Kernel size||Large (1.13 g)|
|Shell texture||Semihard shell|
|Double kernels||No doubles|
|Kernel appearance||Attractive, skin colour light plump kernel|
|Kernel composition||Oil 57.4%; oleic acid 62.3%; Vitamin E 53.8 mg/100g oil|
Carina is a highly precocious variety that has consistently out yielded the current industry benchmark, Nonpareil by 12% (eight years of yield assessments). It has superior fruit characteristics with a semi-hard shell, fully sealed shell and sweet tasting, lightly coloured kernel. The kernel is less likely to be damaged by insects and moisture due to the fully sealed shell, enabling a higher quality kernel. The semi-hard shell is less likely to result in bird damage during the growing season. It can be used as an early pollinator for Nonpareil, replacing Peerless, Price or Monterey. The growth habit is slightly spreading similar to Nonpareil but crops mostly on spurs. The hull detaches easily from the shell at harvest, a characteristic that may lend itself to in-field de-hulling in the future. Carina is self-fertile and can pollinate itself in single variety orchards.
Acknowledgements: Dr. Michelle Wirthensohn, University of Adelaide
The input and suggestions made by Australian almond processors, marketers and growers.
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This project has been funded by Horticulture Innovation Australia Limited using the almond research and development levy and funds from the Australian Government.