Australian Almond Variety – Capella
Capella is an upright bearing tree that is suited traditional orchard densities. The hull flares away from the shell in a ‘banana’ fashion and hard shell reduces kernel quality downgrades and late season bird damage.
- Self-fertile variety
- Hard Shell
- High cropping capacity
- Late pollinator for Nonpareil
|Growth habit||Slightly open|
|Branching density||Medium high|
|Nut location||Spurs and one year old wood|
|Flowering time||Medium, full bloom 2 days later than Nonpareil|
|S compatibility genotype||S7Sf|
|Pollination||Self fertile variety. Cross pollination unnecessary. Good level of autogamy|
|Compatible Pollinators||Carmel, Nonpareil, Mira, Maxima and Wood Colony|
|Length of flowering||Long, approx. 4 weeks|
|Cropping capacity||Very high|
|Cropping regularity||Good. Little to no alternate bearing|
|Bacterial spot tolerance||Very good|
|Harvest season||Early – mid|
|Husking ease||Good. Hull is easily separated from shell|
|Kernel size||Large (1.48 g)|
|Double kernels||No doubles|
|Kernel appearance||Similar appearance to Marcona. Very sweet|
|Kernel composition||Oil: 53.0%; oleic acid: 67%; Vitamin E: 44.2 mg/100g oil|
Capella is a hard shelled variety that has out yielded Nonpareil over eight years of yield assessments. The hard shell is fully sealed and provides protection against insect and bird damage. The kernel is very sweet tasting with a slightly flatter, wider kernel than Nonpareil. It can be used as a late pollinator for Nonpareil, replacing Carmel or Wood Colony. It has an upright to slightly open growth habit and crops well on spurs. The hull detaches easily from the shell at harvest, a characteristic that may lend itself to in-field de-hulling in the future. Capella is self-fertile and can pollinate itself in single variety orchards.
Acknowledgements: Dr. Michelle Wirthensohn, University of Adelaide
The input and suggestions made by Australian almond processors, marketers and growers.
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